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Flying airmen logo (c)1990, Lee Richards

An archive of wartime aerial propaganda leaflets and research site for the history and techniques of psychological warfare, PSYOPs and military information support.

WWI: Balloon distribution of propaganda leaflets.

Men of the Hampshire Regiment checking wind direction before releasing balloons to drop propaganda leaflets over the German frontline.

Iraq: Leaflet drop from helicopter.

U.S. Army Soldiers from 350th Tactical Psychological Operations, 10th Mountain Division, conduct a leaflet drop in several villages surrounding Hawijah, to reinforce the need for self government in Kirkuk Province.

Afghanistan: Static line box drop of PSYOP leaflets.

A C-130 Hercules loadmaster drops a box of 10,000 warning leaflets over the southeastern mountains of Afghanistan. The leaflets were used to communicate with Taliban extremists, warning them not to interfere with coalition activities.

Iraq: British soldiers handing out information leaflets.

British soldiers from the Civil and Military Liason group of The Black Watch Regiment hand out leaflets to locals explaining why the soldiers are in the area and where they come from.

Iraq: boxes of PSYOP leaflets ready for dropping.

A U.S. Air Force MC-130E Combat Talon loadmaster discusses with the crew the aircraft's cargo of boxes containing 120,000 leaflets that will be dropped over Basra, Iraq, sending a message to Iraqis that they should not get in the way of coalition forces.

WWII: Interrogation of enemy prisoners.

U.S. 5th Army in Italy. Interrogation of prisoners of war to ascertain level of morale in the German Army. By securing such vital information, propaganda pamphlets are composed to bring better results.

Iraq: Posters cover insurgent graffiti.

A Sergeant of the 9th Psychological Operations (PSYOP) Battalion places anti terrorist flyers over graffiti in Mosul. PSYOPS is patrolling this area of Mosul to battle false propaganda put out by Anti-Iraqi forces.

Monroe leaflet bomb.

Captain James Monroe, U.S.A.A.F. adjusts the fuse on a bomb he designed so that it will release psychological warfare leaflets at the desired height above the ground.

WWII: Reinvention of the propaganda artillery shell.

British soldiers fill artillery shells with propaganda leaflets for firing over the frontlines. The idea to use artillery shells to disseminate leaflets was first experimented with by the French and British in the First World War. The technique was re-invented in North Africa in the Second.

Commando Solo: Airborne broadcasting platform.

The EC-130E Commando Solo aircraft of the 193rd Special Operations Wing, Pennsylvania Air National Guard, can broadcast both radio and television transmissions.

WWII: T3 Leaflet Bomb.

Adapted from the M.26 flare container, the T-3 leaflet bomb was utilised by fighter-bombers to drop propaganda leaflets over enemy-controlled territory.

Afghanistan leaflet dropping.

Combined/Joint Task Force 76 (CJTF76) prepares to drop leaflets near Forward Operating Base (FOB) Salerno, Afghanistan.

Rolls of anti-communist propaganda leaflets are loaded into an M.29 cluster bomb for dropping over northern Korea.

Rolls of anti-communist propaganda leaflets are loaded into an M.29 cluster bomb for dropping over northern Korea.

British PSYOPS soldier using a loudspeaker to communicate with the Taliban.

British PSYOPS soldier using a loudspeaker to communicate with the Taliban.

Young Iraqi boys hold a voting flyer.

Young Iraqi boys hold a voting flyer. 350th PSYOP Company is responsible for getting the word out to the surrounding communities of the upcoming January 30th, 2005 Iraqi elections.

Operation Enduring Freedom: U.S. Army Sergeant sits atop his Humvee equipped with a loudspeaker system.

U.S. Army Sergeant, of the 345th Tactical Psychological Operations Company, sits atop his Humvee equipped with a loudspeaker system. He enjoys the shade of a olive tree with local Afghani residents from the village of Old Orgun, located in the in Paktia Province of Afghanistan. Residents are gathering to celebrate the opening of the first school building to be built in the Province in over 700-years.

Malayan Emergency: Leaflets over the jungle.

Royal Army Service Corps Air Despatchers throw out surrender appeal leaflets to Chinese Communists hiding in the Malay jungle, 1958.

Sky-shouting: Loudspeaker 'Voice' aircraft.

The C-47 "Speaker" voice aircraft in Indochina being used by the French army in December 1952.

Libya 2011: Libyan civilians show off a leaflet that was released from NATO assets.

Two Libyan civilians show off a leaflet that was released from NATO assets during Operation Unified Protector.

Leaflet Archive

Random PSYOP leaflet - Text Unknown

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News, Comment and Updates
Collecting Now Video

Posted on 18 July 2014 at 21:09 pm

A clip from the 1980's BBC television show 'Collecting Now' takes a look at Reginald Auckland's impressive collection of aerial propaganda leaflets.

 

 

 

Report on the British Army's Deputy Directorate of Information and Propaganda, 1940-45

Posted on 17 April 2014 at 08:08 am

Taken from the War Diary of the Deputy Directorate of Information and Propaganda, this report outlines the history of the British Army's liaison with Government civilian information departments, how it gave guidance to the press on military matters throughout the Second World War, and organised Amplifier and Leaflet Units in North-West Europe.

Report on the British Armys Deputy Directorate of Information and Propaganda, 1940-45

Ian Fleming Malingering Memorandum

Posted on 05 April 2014 at 15:03 pm

Towards the end of 1942, the German section of the Political Warfare Executive developed a new black propaganda campaign to undermine the morale of U-boat crews. On the outside the small booklet they produced was a facsimile of a genuine German Navy physical training manual. However, after a few pages the text dropped the sports advice and instead gave step-by-step instruction in the faking of illnesses and disease. This was the first edition of a range of disguised malingering manuals to be clandestinely disseminated inside occupied Europe by the Special Operations Executive and dropped from the air by Royal Air Force free-floating balloons.

Ian Fleming, personal assistance to the Director of Naval Intelligence (DNI), recognising the value of such psychological warfare, was eager that this malingering booklet should be quickly in the hands of the German submariners. He wrote the memorandum below to the chief of the Special Operations Executive urging for the organisation's assistance to disseminate the booklets. Fleming also suggests that the Soviet NKVD might also help.

Ian Fleming Malingering Memorandum

OWI in the ETO booklet

Posted on 20 March 2014 at 13:01 pm

A report on the activities of the Office of War Information in the European Theatre of Operations from January 1944 to January 1945.
During 1944 OWI faced two major tasks in the European theatre: first, to provide personnel and material with which to attack enemy morale on home front and firing line; second, to spread accurate and dispassionate information about America and her Allies and thus to build confidence among occupied and liberated countries.

Office of War Information in the European Theatre of Operations 

PsyWar and Propaganda eBooks price slash

Posted on 26 February 2014 at 11:11 am

All prices on my psychological warfare and propaganda eBooks have been slashed. Books are directly available through Google Play for your tablet, PC or phone.

e.g. The Black Art: British Clandestine Psychological Warfare against the Third Reich now only £2.69

The Psychological Warfare Division/SHAEF official history now only £1.98.

 

Psychological Warfare and Propaganda books
 

 

NATO Operation Unified Protector PSYOPS Product

Posted on 29 December 2013 at 19:07 pm

NATO PSYOPS leaflets dropped over Libya in 2011 to assist Operation Unified Protector.

NATO PSYOPS leaflets for Libya

70th Anniversary of Soldatensender Calais

Posted on 14 November 2013 at 23:11 pm

On this day 70 years ago, 14 November 1943, Sefton Delmer's clandestine radio station Soldatensender Calais broadcasts on medium wave for the first time, relayed by Europe's most powerful transmitter codenamed Aspidistra.
Evidence of Reception Reports

Posted on 14 November 2013 at 23:11 pm

In an attempt to ascertain the effects of its clandestine psychological warfare, the Political Warfare Executive routinely monitored neutral and enemy media looking for comment and reaction to its radio broadcasts, underground rumour-mongering and leaflets. The comments of enemy prisoners of war, captured documents and other intelligence sources were also studied. Any comebacks to PWE propaganda campaigns were circulated to interested parties through the following "Evidence of Reception" reports.

PWE forged Himmler postage stamps

Proposed use of the Aspidistra transmitter for psychological warfare purposes

Posted on 13 November 2013 at 18:06 pm

These two proposed uses of the powerful medium wave transmitter known as Aspidistra for psychological warfare purposes were suggested by Sefton Delmer in late August 1943. The first proposal was acted upon in November 1943, to relay the shortwave Atlantik station on medium wave under the Soldatensender Calais name. Intruder radio operations had to wait until the closing months of the war with Germany.

 

Sefton Delmer
 

 

The controversy between the BBC and PWE over Soldatensender Calais

Posted on 12 November 2013 at 19:07 pm

Of all PWE clandestine radio stations broadcasting in German, undoubtedly Soldatensender Calais developed the furthest reach and acquired the largest audience. This was due in part to being broadcast on Europe's most powerful medium wave transmitter, known as Aspidistra, because of its high production values with much of its programme devoted to specially recorded Jazz dance music and because of its frank news reporting and comment. The combination of these elements, however, made it difficult for Soldatensender Calais to maintain the pretext of being a real German forces station. The BBC in particular was against the concept of a "grey" propaganda radio station that could be identified as being of British origin and could by association damage the BBC's reputation for trustworthiness.

 

 

 
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