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Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'

22 NOVEMBER 2017 | ARTICLES
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Author Topic: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'  (Read 2985 times)

Offline emmelle4444

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Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« on: December 12, 2016, 10:51:36 AM »
Hello I am researching on a Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg" probably printed in March/April 1940 by HMSO (quasi identical typography to "Darum Krieg", more even to "Verhältnis der Verluste". Has anyone ever heard of it? What means exactly "printers HMSO". Did they print themselves or did they commission printing? Is there a bibliography about these non airborne, but probably ITF-spread leaflets?

Sincerely

Michael 
« Last Edit: December 13, 2016, 02:56:27 AM by der Chef »

Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #1 on: December 12, 2016, 11:32:25 AM »
Michael, HMSO was "His Majesty's Stationery Office", the Government's publisher and printer. The printing works was at Harrow, Middlesex and were responsible for printing all the leaflets dropped by the RAF over Europe in the 1939 to mid-1941 period.

Thomas Mann is quoted in this airdropped leaflet newspaper: https://www.psywar.org/product_1940WB10.php

And an article by Mann in this airdropped pamphlet: https://www.psywar.org/product_1942G047.php

Sorry don't recall seeing the leaflet you mention. Have you tried the ITF archives?
Lee
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Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #2 on: December 12, 2016, 11:44:14 AM »
Dear Lee,

I don't think ITF was responsible for printing, but only for dissemination: seamen took the closed letters to Germany. Probably from Sweden. Btw where are the ITF archives? One copy of the leaflet mentions C.S.Crawford as being the publisher. Are there leaflets printed by Crawford Ads Agency for Section D? Or is this simply a camouflage address? The typography is almost completely identical with Verhältnis der Verluste. Has anyone ever seen this leaflet or is there someone selling a copy?

Michael 

Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #3 on: December 12, 2016, 01:33:29 PM »
Michael, is there a three digit number in one of the bottom corners?
Lee
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Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #4 on: December 12, 2016, 11:52:46 PM »
Dear Lee. No there is no number. Actually it is a 18 page leaflet, it only says "Londoner Brief" and it has been sent as far as Rio de Janeiro. I don't own a copy, but there are in all 3 registered copies. Is there a bibliography for these items?

Sincerely
Michael

Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #5 on: December 13, 2016, 01:08:18 AM »
Dear Lee

do you have a HD photo of EH427? "Verhältnisse"? I would like to research the typo more in detail. Please tell me which bibliography gives the information about the printer (HMSO)...
Thank you so much!
Did you ever hear the name CS Crawford in connection with airborne leaflets?

Sincerely, Michael

Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #6 on: December 13, 2016, 01:57:02 AM »
Michael, the Londoner Brief was produced by Electra House and sent out to neutral countries in Western Europe and South America. Crawford was the agency used to distribute the newsletters, although the Ministry of Information also got involved particularly with distribution in South America. There are not many details about it the their archives, just passing references. Will dig those out later and post here. I don't have a biography of all copies produced but should be more than three editions as it was a fortnightly publication.

Can send a scan of EH.427 - might even have an original leaflet for sale, if of interest?

There's plenty online about HMSO.
Lee
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #7 on: December 13, 2016, 01:59:23 AM »
This is from the official history of PWE, (TNA ref CAB 102/610 - also later published by St Ermin's Press)

Quote from: PWE History
Indirect Propaganda, The Londoner Brief. An early activity of Department EH was the attempt to influence opinion in Germany through Germans in neutral countries or through business circles in neutral countries which were in close contact with Germany. With this object, a fortnightly series entitled Der Londoner Brief was written by members of the staff of Department EH, printed on particularly good paper and dispatched through Crawford’s Agency to an address list of Germans and neutral firms in close contact with Germany, in Belgium and Holland. By March 1940, 3,000 copies of this periodical were dispatched.
This overlapped similar forms of publicity to neutral countries by the Overseas Publicity Division of the MOI. On 30.12.39 the MOI proposed that they should distribute 250,000 copies of Der Londoner Brief to South America at a cost of £100,000 pa. In May 1940, the British Library of Information to USA applied for and were sent, fifty copies of an English version. Certain Belgian firms which were annoyed by receiving Der Londoner Brief, made complaints which eventually came up at the EH-MOI Coordination Committee. This medium of propaganda came to an end soon after the German occupation of Western Europe though plans to continue it for circulation to South America and the Far East were discussed and a flimsy was sent by bag to Zagreb for stencilling early in July 1940. No example of Der Londoner Brief has been seen by the present writer.
« Last Edit: December 14, 2016, 02:56:39 AM by der Chef »
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #8 on: December 13, 2016, 02:23:43 AM »
From a memorandum titled 'Propaganda in Enemy Countries. Part 1. A Brief Review of the Present Situation', 1 March 1940.
6. Propaganda has been disseminated through four main channels, viz:-
- Broadcasts in German, Czech and Polish by the BBC;
- Leaflets dropped by aircraft and balloons;
- A News-letter (Londoner Brief); and
- Secret channels.
The “Londoner Brief” is a fortnightly News-Letter in German with a circulation at the present time of approximately 8,000.

(Source TNA: FO 898/3)
Lee
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #9 on: December 13, 2016, 02:35:28 AM »
Letter to Mr Carton from Mr Monahan, 1 January 1940.
Barman tells me that at the Ministry of Information conference last Thursday (which you, he and Valentine Williams attended) it was decided that the Ministry of Information would soon be able and willing to cooperate in distributing the Londoner Brief and its Supplements. Special mention was, I believe, made of the Supplement on German Inflation in Londoner Brief No. 3 – which is to be published this week.
So I enclose first proofs (uncorrected) of Londoner Brief No. 3 and of the Inflation Supplement. (I) could arrange for the Ministry of Information to have up to 2,000 copies of both this Londoner Brief No. 3 and its Supplement if the Ministry of Information could distribute them...

(Source FO 898/4)
« Last Edit: December 13, 2016, 03:06:53 AM by der Chef »
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #10 on: December 13, 2016, 02:38:04 AM »
Report on the Effects of Leaflets and Broadcasting, Friday 2nd February – Friday 9th February 1940:
3. Other reports from Austria indicate that many copies of the Londoner Brief are in circulation there.
(Source TNA: FO 898/462)
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #11 on: December 13, 2016, 02:41:56 AM »
Electra House Coordination Committee, Minutes of the 5th Meeting, held at the Ministry of Information on February 29th, 1940.
47. Accommodation address of “Londoner Brief”
Mr Valentine Williams said that “Londoner Brief” was distributed from Crawfords Limited.
Mr Stevens said that this would not be suitable for Foreign Publicity Directorate.

(Source TNA: FO 898/5)

Various other mentions of Londoner Brief in FO 898/5.
Lee
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Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet "Dieser Krieg"
« Reply #12 on: December 13, 2016, 02:49:52 AM »
Mr Barman stated that his division was concerned with indirect propaganda. The Londoner Brief was published every fortnight and was sent by post to firms known to be trading with the enemy, foreign legations and consulates in neutral countries. This was done with the object of getting the publication into Germany, or at any rate extracts from it, which it was hoped be embodied in correspondence going into Germany. Evidence showed that this method was proving effective.

(Source TNA: FO 898/8)
Lee
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Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #13 on: December 13, 2016, 02:50:10 PM »
Oh this is fantastic!
I will have to work on this!
TNA = National Archive Kew?
How did get all this so quickly?
Thank you 1000000000 times

Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #14 on: December 13, 2016, 03:02:59 PM »
Dear Lee.

Could you give me exact references for the PWE History published by St Ermin's Press. I could try to find a copy on addall or in a library.

Do you have copies of the TNA documents FO 898/...? Or should I order copies?

Did you ever see leaflets of Londoner Brief or know a library having them?

Thank you so much!

Michael

Thank you so much!

Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #15 on: December 13, 2016, 03:09:27 PM »
A scan would do ...
Your knowledge is overwhelming...
Thank you once more.

Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #16 on: December 13, 2016, 03:51:09 PM »
My pleasure Michael.

TNA is The National Archives at Kew, and references are to the archives there.
Have been working with them for many years and have copies of much of the PWE records.
Email me through the contact page and I'll get images over to you of the relevant pages.

The PWE history was published as "Secret History of PWE, The: The Political Warfare Executive, 1939-1945"; Garnett, David; (St. Ermin's Press, 2002) ISBN 1 903608 08 2

I don't have any original examples of the Londoner Brief but have seen copies somewhere - just can't remember where now.
Lee
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Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #17 on: December 13, 2016, 04:06:46 PM »
Ok, I have found the PWE History by Garnett. You quoted from it?

Do you have a copy of FO 898/5? May be the name of Thomas Mann appears there: the leaflet should have been published in late February/March/early April 1940.

At that time the Swedish publisher of TM, Bermann Fischer, was collaborating with A. Rickman and E. Biggs in spreading propaganda from Stockholm to Germany. Swedish documents from Riksarkivet say that the Rickman group was spreading "reklambroschyrer" by Thomas Mann. At that time, there were at least two typescripts of Dieser Krieg in Europe, one in The Netherlands and another one in London, in the hands of Eric Sutton, translator for Secker&Warburg. I think the London typescript has been used for the special issue of "Londoner Brief" by TM, because the only existing copy of the first edition of Dieser Krieg based on the Dutch typescript has a different beginning than the London typescript ( = the Sutton-translation = the leaflet). But maybe BF got later a corrected copy, or he told Rickman/Fraser to contact Sutton/SW and to use the London typescript. Maybe all of this has nothing to do with Rickman/Fraser, and Harold Nicolson from MOI, a good friend of TM, was directly involved.         
« Last Edit: December 13, 2016, 04:20:10 PM by emmelle4444 »

Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #18 on: December 13, 2016, 04:18:36 PM »
Oh Oh Oh try to remember: I think TM's text was a special issue of Londoner Brief or it was simply published by the same group (who exactly? Is there a connection with the BBC, Karl Otten, Rickman, Fraser, John Codrington, Bill Stephenson?). Someone had to supply the typescript: or Nicolson, who knew TM or Fraser/Rickman, who knew Bermann Fischer, the publisher of "Dieser Krieg". As Bermann Fischer did not dare publish it directly in neutral Sweden, he arranged with SW to publish in under their imprint. It was printed in the Netherlands in March 1940. Meanwhile Eric Sutton translated Dieser Krieg for Secker&Warburg. Strangely enough the beginning of the Dutch edition differs considerably from the beginning of the London leaflet. At the same time, BF tells TM that he has "good contacts" to an "important organisation" which will help him to get Dieser Krieg "to the right people". So I think there is a link between Sweden and London via Rickman/Fraser. Maybe FO898 can tell us something about this...
       
« Last Edit: December 13, 2016, 04:21:57 PM by emmelle4444 »

Offline der Chef

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #19 on: December 14, 2016, 01:07:14 AM »
Here's some more from EH archives, although it looks like their edition of Mann's "This War" dates from after May 1940. But in the 1939/1940 period Mann is busy writing and broadcasting with EH keen to use him in their propaganda. Also Section D, who was supplying Rickman, might have produced their own leaflets. (I know my catalogue of Section D propaganda in 'The Black Art' is incomplete.) There was also collaboration between Section D / EH / and their French opposite numbers at this time.


THOMAS MANN

FO 898/7: The 39th meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, October 28th, 1939.
Mr Shaw alluded to a letter from Sir Francis Whyte to Sir Campbell Stuart forwarding a suggestion that Thomas Mann should make a broadcast to Germany. The Committee recalled that his name had been mentioned before. It was still felt that he should not be invited to speak, as it would run counter to our policy with regard to refugees.

FO 898/7: The 79th meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, December 28th, 1939.
3. The BBC representative left the text of two proposed Sonderberichte with the Chairman for his approval. One of these was based on Thomas Mann’s “prophecy”. The other was a talk on Trades Unions.

FO 898/7: The 106th meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, 6th February 1940.
18. Mr Valentine Williams handed to Mr Dunkerley a copy of Thomas Mann’s latest book “Lotte in Weimar”. He suggested that certain passages might be read during the (BBC) German programmes. Mr Dunkerley agreed to pass the book to the BBC readers.

FO 898/5: Electra House Coordination Committee, Minutes of the 7th Meeting held at the Ministry of Information on Wednesday, March 27th, 1940.
90. ARTICLES AND BOOKS. Mr Smollett (Ministry of Information) reported at a recent Press articles Committee meeting it had been decided that refugees should be asked to write articles for foreign papers which would print them e.g. Stefan Zweig for Latin America and Thomas Mann for Scandinavia.

FO 898/8: The 166th Meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, May 6th, 1940
LEAFLETS
2. Mr Barman suggested that Thomas Mann’s book “This War” should be printed on thin paper and used as a supplement to the Londoner Brief. This was agreed. It was, also, suggested that the book should be printed in the form of small brochure suitable for dropping from aircraft. No decision was reached but it was felt that the matter should receive further consideration.

FO 898/8: The 167 meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, 7th May 1940.
LEAFLETS
5. Mr Barman informed the Committee that he was making enquiries about the copyright of Thomas Mann’s book “This War”.

FO 898/8: The 171st meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, 13th May 1940.
LEAFLETS. 3. Mr Barman again brought up the subject of Thomas Mann’s new book. Mr Shaw pointed out the difficulties of disseminating a brochure of this type by aircraft, but the Committee agreed, in principle, that it might be suitable for dissemination by balloon. The Committee agreed with Mr Voigt that the book had considerable propaganda value, as had also the Thyssen correspondence.

FO 898/30: Analysis of German Reactions to British Propaganda No. 1 Oct 1st to Nov 15th 1940. (EH Series) PID. Thomas and Erika Mann. No broadcaster to Germany has drawn such a volume of fire as Erika Mann, considering the relatively few number of talks which she has given. It is interesting that the first aim of home propaganda was to discredit Thomas Mann, perhaps the only German émigré whose reputation inside Germany has never been questioned. Since then, Erika Mann has been attacked in a number of press articles, the latest of which was in the Volkischer Beobachter of the 25th October. Here again the treatment is instructive. She is attacked in the first place as an émigré who had not only fled from Germany but was now fleeing to America from the wrath to come in London. The immediate point of attack was her phrase “jolly little fires” in describing the effect of raids on London, and this was used to discredit the whole of her output. The phrase was in fact used by her on 29th September.
“A mess by Thomas Mann himself to Germany was broadcast  from London on the 2nd Nov (having been cabled from the USA) The Volkischer Beobachter reacted on the 5th....

FO 898/30: The name of Thomas Mann is able to give authority to propaganda directed to Germany.

FO 898/116: 7 May 1941 Memorandum on propaganda produced in Cairo for the Middle East says in passing:  We have also printed 50,000 copies of a speech by Thomas Mann broadcast from America.

HS 3/224:  4 June 1941, Letter fro D/H.98, Istanbul to SO2, London re Appeal to Germans.
Attached is an appeal to Germans to work against Hitler drawn up by MARCUS, leader of the Free Austrians in Turkey, of which some 500 copies are being circulated to the local German colony together with the attached broadcast of Thomas Mann from America. It is suggested that this appeal might be suitable for quick reproduction and circulation among the German colonies of all neutral countries. (Attached leaflet is titled THOMAS MANN AN DAS DEUTSCHE VOLK)

CAB 102/610: On 11 January 1942 Mr Newsome circulated a document ‘in lieu of the weekly Background Notes’. This was apparently because the Executive Committee, in order to muzzle Mr Newsome, had decided ‘that the Weekly Directive produced by Mr Newsome should cease’. After laying down a political policy to Germany, based on the views of Thomas Mann and diametrically opposite to that proposed by the Regional Director for Germany, Mr Newsome went on: ‘This precludes an apparent predilection for the Conservative elements in Germany....’

Lee
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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg' (EH Indirect Propaganda)
« Reply #20 on: December 14, 2016, 02:01:59 AM »
Idea seems to have come from Ralph Murray. "Other channels" is probably a reference to Section D.

FO 898/8: The 165th meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, May 4th, 1940.
14. Mr Murray had read Thomas Mann’s new book “This War”. He considered it to be a very good case against Germany and thought that a short review of the book put over as an individual item would make an effective broadcast. This was agreed in principle. It was further agreed that the item should be written in Department EH. Mr Murray also suggested that copies of the book might be posted into Germany. It was recognised that this was a subject for the consideration of “other channels”.

FO 898/8 The 190th meeting of the Planning and Broadcasting Committee, 7th June 1940.
BROADCASTING.
1. b) a review of Thomas Mann’s book “This War” prepared by Mr Schmitt. This had been handed to the BBC representative, and it was agreed that the BBC should cut the script if it were found to be too long for the broadcasting time available.
« Last Edit: December 14, 2016, 02:05:41 AM by der Chef »
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Thomas Mann An das Deutsche Volk SOE Leaflet
« Reply #21 on: December 14, 2016, 02:15:19 AM »
This is the SOE Thomas Mann leaflet being distributed in Turkey in June 1941

« Last Edit: December 14, 2016, 02:50:21 AM by der Chef »
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Londoner Brief and Supplement
« Reply #22 on: December 14, 2016, 02:48:30 AM »
Images of the cover of Londoner Brief, No. 3 and Economic Supplement.


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Offline emmelle4444

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Re: Thomas Mann leaflet 'Dieser Krieg'
« Reply #23 on: December 14, 2016, 03:44:55 AM »
Dear Lee

you are a true TNA-magician. Incredible. I think we should publish this bibliographical research in a small article. I have material about the lost first German edition printed in the Netherlands and so far completely unknown to bibliographers. Both together may yield enough material for a small scholar publication. What do you think? TM wrote Dieser Krieg in Nov/Dec 1939 and first contacted his publisher on 15th of January 1940. There are three versions of the beginning of the text: the Dutch, then the S&W, and finally the American edition printed in April 1939. The typoscript only presents the last two ones. So the Dutch beginning of "Dieser Krieg" is still unknown.

There was an idea of broadcasting "Dieser Krieg" from the very beginning (TM to his brother Heinrich) and a broadcasting in May is also attested by a letter from TM to Ida Herz. We should establish if there has ever been - possibly not - a connection between the leaflet and the Rickman/Fraser/BF group. Maybe the "Londoner Brief" staff published Dieser Krieg quite independently from Rickman. The crucial date seems to have been the 6th of May i.e. a date when Rickman was already arrested. The Dutch first edition with the imprint of S&W, and printed before 19th of April, has almost completely been destroyed by the Wehrmacht around the 20th of May. However at least one copy survived ... So we could present the printing history of both editions. What do you think? Unfortunately I have been unable so far to find out how many copies were actually printed in the Netherlands. Material about this should be in IISG in Amsterdam. I contacted the staff several times, but they are not really effective or there is no information, ...
What do you think about a small article on all these bibliographical discoveries?
Thank you so much
Sincerely
Michael

   
« Last Edit: December 14, 2016, 03:50:26 AM by emmelle4444 »


 

 

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