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Psychological Warfare Glossary

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15 POG
15 (UK) Psychological Operations Group (UK, Modern)
AEAF
Allied Expeditionary Air Force (WWII)
AFHQ
Allied Forces Headquarters (Mediterranean) (WWII)
AI 10
Air Intelligence 10. Covername of SOE when dealing with RAF (WWII)
AIS
Allied Information Service (PWD/SHAEF)
AIT
Army Information Team (UK PSYOPS and Civil Affairs units, 1970s)
AM
Air Ministry (RAF, WWII)
BBC
British Broadcasting Corporation
Bbira
Korean term for propaganda leaflets
BDCC (ME)
British Defence Coordination Committee Middle East (UK post-WWII)
BFAP
British Forces in the Arabian Peninsula (UK post-WWII)
BGIC
Battlegroup Influence Coordinator (UK, Modern)
BJSM
British Joint Services Mission (UK post-WWII)
BP
Bletchley Park (UK, WWII)
BPA
Battlefield Psychological Activities (NATO, Modern)
BPS
Basic PSYOP study (US, Modern)
BRADDOCK
Operation BRADDOCK - Joint SOE/PWE plan to disseminate concealable sabotage equipment to resistance fighters (WWII)
BSC
British Security Coordination (UK, WWII)
BSOD
Broadcast Station Operating Detachment (PWB/AFHQ, WWII)
Büro Concordia
Clandestine radio broadcasting organisation coordinated jointly by the German Foreign Office and Propaganda Ministry (WWII)
C
Director of SIS
CA
Civil Affairs (Modern)
CBFAP
Commander, British Forces Arabian Peninsula (UK post-WWII)
CCS
Combined Chiefs of Staff (US/UK)
CD
Head of SOE (WWII)
CENTCOM
Central Command (US)
CEP
Captured Enemy Personnel (UK) (Malayan Emergency)
CHQ
Country Headquarters of PWE in Woburn (UK, WWII)
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency (US, post-WII)
CIGS
Chiefs of the Imperial General Staff (UK, WWI/WWII)
CJPOCC
Combined joint force psychological operations component command (NATO, Modern)
CJPOTF
Combined joint psychological operations task force (NATO, Modern)
COHQ
Combined Operations Headquarters (London) (WWII)
COI
Coordinator of Information, Colonel "Wild Bill" Donovan (US) (WWII)
COS
Chiefs of Staff (UK)
COSSAC
Chiefs of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander (WWII)
CSC
Counter Subversion Committee. The Committee first met in January 1962 under the chairmanship of Leslie C Glass, and included representatives of the Foreign Office (IRD), Colonial Office, Commonwealth Relations Office, Ministry of Defence (DFP), MI5 and MI6. Its original terms of reference were "to initiate and co-ordinate plans for projects in territories overseas, designed to counter hostile propaganda, subversion, and penetration; to allocate the responsibility for their execution, and to review the progress and effectiveness of the consequent operations." (UK Post-WWII)
CSDIC
Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre - operated by MI19 (UK) (WWII)
D
Section D. Forerunner of SOE under the control of SIS. Role to conduct subversion & propaganda. (WWII)
DDCP
Deputy Directorate of Counter Propaganda (RAF) (WWII)
DDIP
Deputy Directorate of Information and Propaganda (formerly MI7) (WWII)
DFP
Directorate of Forward Plans. Section of the Ministry of Defence responsible for deception, psychological warfare and counter subversion. (post-WWII)
DOI
Director of Information Services (UK, Malayan Emergency)
DO(O)C
Defence and Oversea Policy (Official) Committee. Chaired by the Secretary to the Cabinet (UK, Post-WWII)
DOPC
Defence and Oversea Policy Committee. Chaired by the Prime Minister (UK, Post-WWII)
DOPO
Defence and Oversea Policy (Official) Committee. Chaired by the Secretary to the Cabinet (UK, Post-WWII)
DOPO(AM)
Defence and Oversea Policy (Official) Committee, Ancillary Measures. Lineal descendant of the Counter Subversion Committee (UK, 1970s)
D/Q
Press & Propaganda section of SOE (WWII)
DTIO
Directorate of Targeting and Information Operations (UK) (Modern)
EH
Electra House (Headquarters of the forerunner of PWE) (WWII)
Enigma
Name of the signals encryption machine used by the German Wehrmacht (WWII)
EPW
Enemy Prisoner/s of War
ERB
Economic Research Bureau. SOE propaganda sub-section in the Far East (UK, WWII)
ETO
European Theatre of Operations (WWII)
EW
Electronic Warfare (US, Modern)
FBIS
Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service, later the Foreign Broadcast Information Service. US Government radio monitoring organisation established February 26, 1941
FEB
Far Eastern Bureau. Branch of the Ministry of Information based in Delhi, India. Also conducted political warfare against Japanese troops in South East Asia. (WWII)
FELO
Far Eastern Liaison Office. Australian covert propaganda organisation in South East Asia (WWII)
FIS
Foreign Information Service (part of COI, US WWII)
FO
Foreign Office (UK)
GS1
Gustav Siegfried Eins. Black shortwave radio station operated by the Political Warfare Executive under the direction of Sefton Delmer. PWE internal code number G.3 (UK, WWII)
GSI(K)
General Staff Intelligence, K branch. SO1/PWE section of General Headquarters Middle East, under the command of Col C I M Thornhill. (UK, WWII)
HPWS
Head, Psychological Warfare Section (UK, Malayan Emergency)
HUMINT
Human intelligence
ICE
Information Coordination Executive. A secret committee established in August 1956 to "carry out political warfare and propaganda" in connexion with the Suez Crisis (UK, Suez Crisis)
IDF
Israel Defense Forces
IFBU
Indian Field Broadcasting Unit. Forward political warfare units operating in Burma. (UK, WWII)
IIA
Inform and Influence Activity (US, Modern)
Info Ops
Information Operations (Modern)
IO
Information Operations (Modern)
IRC
Information-related Capability (US, Modern)
IRC
Interdepartmental Review Committee (UK, post-WWII)
IRD
Information Research Department. "The main object of Information Research Department is to counter the political warfare campaign being conducted by the Soviet Union against the free world; to spread awareness of the threat of international Communism and its numerous ancillaries and, to this end, to make generally known the prevailing conditions of life under Communist regimes and the policies and aims of Communism. IRD also provides background information about other parts of the world, especially those which become centres of international controversy and which through, e.g. poverty, ignorance or extreme nationalism are particularly exposed to Soviet or Chinese penetration. To achieve these aims IRD addresses itself through a variety of productions both printed and typewritten, primarily to the small number of people in every country who influence and form public opinion." (UK, 1948 to 1977)
IRU
Information Research Unit, Psychological support unit established in Cyprus in 1958
IS9
Intelligence School No. 9 - The Executive branch of MI9 (WWII)
IW
Information Warfare (US, Modern)
IWM
Imperial War Museum
JAC
Joint Action Committee. Tasked to initiate deception action, the military aspect of which was followed through by DFP. (UK, post-WWII)
JBC
Joint Broadcasting Committee, overseen by Section D. (UK, pre-WWII)
JCC
Joint Concealment Centre. Successor of VISTRE, based at Netheravon, Wiltshire, established in late 1951 to research and train in the techniques of tactical deception and psychological warfare. (UK, post-WWII)
JIC
Joint Intelligence Committee (UK)
JIAG
Joint Information Activities Group, "provides specialist Information activities training, operational delivery capability and capacity building for defence, and other government departments." (UK Modern)
JIPC
Joint Information and Propaganda Committee (UK - Southeast Asia region, 1950s)
JPOTG
Joint Psychological Operations Task Group (US, Modern)
JTF
Joint Task Force (US)
JUSPAO
Joint US Public Affairs Office (US Vietnam)
LCS
London Controlling Section - coordinated British deception operations (WWII)
LFPG
Land Forces Persian Gulf (UK post-WWII)
LPCC
London Propaganda Coordinating Committee (WWII)
M 129
US post-war fibreglass leaflet bomb
"M" Balloon
British balloon for disseminating propaganda leaflets (WWII)
MACV
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (US)
MAT
Media Assessment Team. Broadcast team operating Radio Atlantico del Sur (UK Falkland Islands Conflict)
MB
Milton Bryan. Location of PWE broadcasting studios for clandestine radio stations (UK, WWII)
MEW
Ministry of Economic Warfare (WWII)
MI5
Military Intelligence 5 - Covername of the Security Service
MI6
Military Intelligence 6 - Covername of SIS
MI7
Military Intelligence 7 - Propganda (WWI). MI7(b)4 Responsible for Aerial Propaganda Leaflets. Briefly resurrected in WWII until reformed into the DDIP.
MI9
Military Intelligence 9 - POW Escape & Evasion department (WWII)
MI19
Military Intelligence 19 - Interrogation of Enemy Prisoner of War and Aliens (WWII)
MI R
Military Intelligence Research, War Office department, one of the forerunners of SOE (WWII)
MINDEF
Ministry of Defence (UK, Post WWII)
MISO
Military Information Support Operations (US, new term for PSYOP, from 23 June 2010)
MIST
Military Information Support Team (US)
MOD
Ministry of Defence (UK, Post WWII)
MOE
Measure of Effect (Modern)
MOI
Ministry of Information (UK, WWII)
Monroe bomb
See T-1 Bomb
MOONSHINE
Project codeword assigned to Radio Atlantico del Sur (UK Falkland Islands Conflict)
MOOTW
Military Operations Other Than War (US)
MOP
Measure of Performance (Modern)
MRBC
Mobile Radio Broadcasting Company (PWB/AFHQ WWII)
MSE
Military Strategic Effects. Ministry of Defence branch, lineal descendant of DTIO. (UK, Modern)
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (post WWII)
NfdT
Nachrichten für die Truppe. Daily "grey" newspaper for German troops produced by a joint PWE/OSS team (WWII)
NBBS
New British Broadcasting Station. Clandestine radio station broadcasting to the UK, operated by Büro Concordia. (WWII)
NEABS
Near East Arab Broadcasting Station, also known as Sharq al-Adna. Clandestine radio station operated by SOE in WWII. Later taken under private ownership and relocated to Cyprus. Closed down following the Suez Crisis.
NKET
Non-Kinetic Effects Teams (UK, Modern)
Nickel
RAF codename for aerial propaganda leaflets (WWII)
NID
Naval Intelligence Department (UK, WWII)
NID 17z
Propaganda section of the Admiralty's Naval Intelligence Department (UK, WWII)
OOCC
Official Oversea Coordinating Committee (UK, Post-WWII)
OM/P
Oriental Mission Propaganda. SOE propaganda section directed towards Japan and Japanese occupied territory (UK, WWII)
OP3
Overt Peacetime PSYOP Program (US, Modern)
OSS
Office of Strategic Services (US, WWII)
OSS MO
Morale Operations branch of the Office of Strategic Services, for the conduct of clandestine psychological warfare (US, WWII)
OTU
Operational Training Unit of the RAF (WWII)
OWI
Office of War Information (US, WWII)
PAP
PSYOP Awareness Program (US, Modern)
PA
Public Affairs (US)
PCB
Psychological Operations Coordination Board (US post-WWII)
PDC
Product Development Centre (NATO, Modern)
PDU-5
PSYOP Dispensing Unit 5. US "Rockeye" cluster bomb adopted for use as a leaflet bomb. First used operationally during Operation Enduring Freedom
PERIWIG
Operation Periwig - a joint PWE/SOE/SIS operation to simulate an active resistance movement in Germany through deception and clandestine propaganda (WWII)
PERO
Political and Economic Research Office, PWE/SOE Mission in West Africa, 1941-1942 (WWII)
PICME
Political Intelligence Committee, Middle East (WWII)
PID
Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office. Covername of PWE (WWII)
POADS
PSYOP Automated Data System (US, Modern)
POLAD
Political Advisor (NATO, Modern)
Political Warfare
British equivalent of Psychological Warfare. (WWII)
POTF
Psychological Operations Task Force (US, Modern)
POTG
Psychological Operations Task Group (US, Modern)
POW
Prisoner/s of War
P&PW
Publicity & Psychological Warfare
PRB
Product Review Board (NATO, Modern)
Propaganda
 
- Black
Propaganda which falsifies it origin
- Grey
Propaganda which gives no clear indication of it's origin
- White
Direct Allied-sponsored propaganda
- Strategic
Propaganda designed to make civilians take action favourable to the Allied Military operations (WWII)
- Tactical
Propaganda aimed at reducing the enemy's combat strength by impairing morale and persuading the individual soldier to stop fighting (WWII)
PRPG
Political Resident, Persian Gulf (UK post-WWII)
PSE
Psychological Operations Support Element (NATO, Modern)
PSYOP / PSYOPS
Psychological Operations. US abbreviation is PSYOP, whereas the British abbreviation is PSYOPS.
PSYREP
Psychological Operations Report (US, Modern)
PsyWar
Psychological Warfare (WWII & Korea)
PUDS
Permanent Under-Secretary's Department of the Foreign Office.
P/W, Ps/W
Prisoner/s of War
PWB
Psychological Warfare Branch (WWII). (PWB/AFHQ & PWB/SEAC)
PWD
Psychological Warfare Division of SHAEF (WWII)
PWE
Political Warfare Executive (WWII)
RAdS
Radio Atlantico del Sur, British PSYOPS radio station broadcasting from 19 May 1982 (Falkland Islands War)
RAF
Royal Air Force
Reactions:
 
- Direct
Reactions from statements by individuals, results of official surveys and evidence reported by our own ground forces (WWII)
- Indirect
Reactions from penalties, warnings and other examples of counter action (WWII)
RU
Research Unit (PWE codename for a "black" clandestine radio station) (WWII)
RUMINT
Rumour Intelligence (Modern)
SAC
Supreme Allied Commander (WWII)
SCANT
Code name for a shortwave clandestine radio station which purported to be the mouthpiece of Free Arabs; operated by IRD from Cyprus during the Suez Crisis.
SCSG
Strategic Communication Steering Group (UK, Modern)
SCWG
Strategic Communication Working Group (UK, Modern)
SEAC
South East Asia Command (WWII)
SEIO
State/Settlement Emergency Information Officer (UK, Malayan Emergency)
SEP
Surrendered Enemy Personnel (UK, Malayan Emergency)
SHAEF
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (WWII)
SHAPE
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (NATO)
SHARK
British codename for Enigma encrypted German Naval U-boat traffic
Sibs
Codename for rumours, taken from the Latin sibillare - "to whisper" (WWII)
SIC
Security Intelligence Centre (WWII)
SIG
Special Investigations Group. Formed in June 1958, to investigate and provide evidence to counter EOKA propaganda making false allegations against British Security Forces in Cyprus. (UK, post-WWII)
SIGINT
Signals Intelligence
SIPRNET
US military secret internet - Secret Internet Protocol Router Network
SIS
Secret Intelligence Service (British foreign intelligence and counter-intelligence service)
SME
Subject Matter Expert
SMETS
Special Mediterranean Enemy Troops Section (later renamed SOLS). British tactical black propaganda unit active in the Central Mediterranean theatre, under the command of Lt Col D A M Street (UK, WWII)
SO1
Special Operations 1 - Propaganda, of SOE (WWII)
SO2
Special Operations 2 - Operational, of SOE (WWII)
SO3
Special Operations 3 - Planning, of SOE (WWII)
SOA
Special Operations Australia (Australia, WWII)
SOCRATES
Special Operations Command Research, Analysis and Threat Evaluation System (US, Modern)
SOE
Special Operations Executive (UK, WWII)
SOLS
Special Operations Liaison Section, previously SMETS. (UK, WWII)
SPA
Service de la Propagande Aérienne ("Aerial Propaganda Service", France, WWI)
SPA
Special Political Action section of SIS. SPA was set up in 1956 as "the operational element in SIS for the conduct of all clandestine subversive operations in support of [British] overseas policy objectives. It is a functional organisation covering all territories overseas. It is also the operational element for the clandestine propaganda functions of IRD."
SPA
Special PSYOP Assessment (US, Modern)
SPG
Special Projects Group. A joint MoD and FCO group established to coordinate stragetic deception and psychological operations for Operation Corporate (UK, Falkland Islands Conflict)
SPS
Special PSYOP Study (US, Modern)
SRD
Services Reconnaissance Department. Cover name for Special Operations Australia (Australia, WWII)
STP
PWE/SOE special propaganda training school under the direction of Major J W Hackett. Also known as 'Hackett's school' and STS-39. (UK, WWII)
StratCom
Strategic Communications. NATO definition: "The coordinated and appropriate use of NATO information activities and capabilities – public diplomacy, public affairs (PA), military public affairs, information operations (Info Ops) and psychological operations (PSYOPS) as appropriate – in support of Alliance policies, operations and activities, and in order to advance NATO’s aims."
STRATCOMCOE
NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence, based in Riga, Latvia
STS-39
PWE/SOE Special Training School 39 - Propaganda. See also STP. (UK, WWII)
T-1 Bomb
Leaflet bomb designed by US Captain Monroe (WWII)
T-3 Bomb
Leaflet bomb produced from a converted US M-26 flare (WWII)
TA
Target Audience (Modern)
TAA
Target Audience Analysis (Modern)
TAF
Tactical Air Force (WWII)
TNA
The National Archives (formerly the British Public Record Office)
TPT
Tactical PSYOP(S) Team (Modern)
ULTRA
British codename for high-level intelligence derived from breaking German Enigma encrypted signals
USAAF
United States Army Air Force
USACAPOC(A)
United States Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command (Airborne). Activated on 27 November 1990
USEB
United States Experimental Branch (covername for OSS) (WWII)
USIA
US Information Agency (Vietnam)
USIS
US Information Service (Vietnam)
UW
Unconventionial Warfare (US, Modern)
VISTRE
Visual Inter-Service Training and Research Establishment. British joint defence establishment formed in 1948 to research and teach techniques of tactical deception and camouflage. See also JCC. (UK, Post-WWII)
Wehrmacht
German Armed Forces in WWII, comprised of the Heer (Army), Luftwaffe (Air Force), and Kriegsmarine (Navy)
Whispers
See Sibs
WO
War Office (UK, WWII)
X
SOE German & Austrian Section (also refers to the head of the Section) (WWII)


 

 

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