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WWII SICILY - German soldiers fighting at the Sicilian front, were often surprised to see Allied shells burst in the air over their heads, showering leaflets into their ranks. Printed in German, the sheets told Nazi fighters of the rapid Allied progress in Sicily and the futility of German resistance against strong United Nations forces, advising them that their shortest route home was through captivity. The following shows how the propaganda leaflets are loaded into non-lethal shells and fired into German lines.
COR 695926 WP. . . . . . . . . . NEW YORK BUREAU
Pvt. G. Herper of Aberdeen, Scotland, and Sgt. J. Jarvis of Paddington, England, members of the Propaganda Unit operating in Sicily, unpack the sheets that will soon be delivered to Nazi fighters.
WWII Sgt. M. Martin of the 19th Leaflet Unit rolling propaganda leaflets for artillery distribution in Roermond.
WWII Sgt. M. Martin and Driver T. Aiken loading propaganda leaflets into artillery shells in Roermond.
WWII Captain R. H. Heycock (Intelligence Corps) packing rolled bundles of propaganda leaflets into shell cases.
WWII U.S. gun fires information leaflets into enemy lines. Two U.S. artillerymen examine Safe Conduct Passes before loading them in a shell which will be fired into enemy lines near Reipertsweiler in the Hochberg area of Northern Alsace.
WWII A MESSAGE FOR THE ENEMY.
Lt. Livingston Hartley of the U.S. Navy loads a 25-pound gun shell with leaflets, to be shot at the enemy. Other shells loaded and waiting to be loaded are on the ammunition boxes, as well as leaflets...
The Psychological Warfare Branch of Allied Force Headquarters is handling the job of loosing (sic) the bloodless weapons on the enemy, the civilians in the enemy-occupied territory in the rear of the army...
Little over a year has passed since PWB was born. It was on November 4, 1942 that General Eisenhower sent for Col. C.B. Hazeltine and told him the need to integrate British and American military and civilian propaganda efforts.
13977 315P 3/10/44 AJE WABC 145.
WWII ALLIES WARN ITALIAN CIVILIANS TO ABANDON MOUNT CASSINO MONASTERY.
US soldiers of the Allied Fifth Army load emptied 155mm shells with leaflets urging Italian civilians to abandon Mount Cassino monastery because Germans were using the ancient abbey in Western Italy as an artillery and observation post. The pamphlets were fired into the monastery area by artillery guns, before the Allies bombed Mount Cassino to dislodge the German forces.
WWII Allies 'shoot' war news to the Germans. This French Algerian fuse-setter of a gun crew, fighting with the Allied Fifth Army in the St. Elia area of West Italy, holds one of the 105mm shells used by Allied forces to shoot leaflets to the German lines. In his left, the soldier holds a copy of 'Frontpost', a publication printed in German. These leaflets are packed into the shell and spread over German-held territory as the shell bursts in the air.
WWII Bombs away, and Jerry gets his newspaper. B-25 Mitchells of the 12th Air Force bombed the Ferrara area on February 6, 1945 with pre-fused leaflet bombs. Printed in German, they have caused many German troops to surrender and desert by presenting a true picture of the war situation.
WWII ROMMEL'S DESERT LEAFLET OFFENSIVE SCORES A "MISS"
EGYPT - Indian troops in the Egyptian desert get a laugh from one of the leaflets which Field Marshal Erwin Rommel has taken to dropping behind the British lines now that his ground attacks have failed. The leaflet, which of course are strongly anti-British in tone, are printed in Hindustani, but are too crude to be effective.
(Photo was flashed to New York from Cairo by radio.)
WWII VICTORY LEAFLET RAID OVER SYRIA AND LEBANON.
To drive home the Allied victory in North Africa the French and British Authorities in Syria and Lebanon organised with the help of the RAF a leaflet "raid" over the principal towns of both countries. About half a million leaflets were dropped, the chief one showing General Montgomery "Conqueror of Rommel". Pictures show the leaflet raid over Beirut. Lebanese scrambling to catch leaflets falling over Beirut.
WWII RAF crew loading propaganda leaflets into a T-3 (M.26) bomb for distributing by fighter-bomber.
WWII T-1 Bomb. All leaflets distributed by the 8th Air Force both on special missions and daylight bombing operations, were, after May 1944, carried in the T-1 leaflet bomb, a cylindrical, laminated, paper container, 60 inches long and 18 inches in diameter, fitted with a British 860A barometricnose fuse. This fuse functioned at approximately 2,000 feet, activating a primer cord which destroyed the container and released the leaflets. Use of this bomb simplified leaflet handling by units, and above all, avoided the extremely wide dispersion resulting from release at the altitudes of 20,000 feet and above at which B-17s and B-24s usually operated. Each bomb contained approximately 80,000 leaflet units, and tests indicated that under normal weather conditions, these would scatter over an area of approximately one square mile. Ten of these bombs were carried by each aircraft on daylight operations and twelve in the adapted bomb bay of B-24s of the Special Squadron.