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WWII PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE - A BATTLE OF WORDS. From the very first days of the war, when British aircraft flew over Germany to drop loads of leaflets, Psychological Warfare has used the leaflet not only as a weapon against the enemy but to warn civilians living in occupied countries of the imminent danger or to direct their efforts in sabotage and other types of resistance. This series of pictures shows the different stages leading up to the unloading of leaflet bombs over their targets. GS1000198-Loading bombs... U.S. airmen load psychological warfare leaflets into bombs at a base somewhere in Britain.
WWII LEAFLET WARFARE IN EUROPE
ENGLAND - In the psychological warfare which plays an important part in this world struggle, bombs filled with leaflets are used along with lethal bombs to break enemy resistance. From the early days of the war, British planes dropped loads of leaflets over Germany to weaken enemy morale. These leaflets, now sent by Americans too, are directed at both civilians and soldiers. in the occupied countries, leaflets are dropped to warn civilians of imminent danger or to direct them in sabotage and other types of resistance. These photos show stages in the psychological warfare. Here leaflets are counted and stacked after coming off the press.
WWII Captain James Monroe, U.S.A.A.F. adjusts the fuse on a bomb so that it will release psychological warfare leaflets at the desired height above the ground.
WWII A-44-604-N Two United States Airforce technicians, M/Sgt Calvin McCreary and S/Sgt Ray Powers insert time fuses into the noses of leaflet bombs to explode the container and release the contents. Explosion of the fuse pulls the rip cords and the bomb is torn into strip lengthwise.
WWII A-44-605-N The bombs, loaded with leaflets, are then placed on trucks and are carted to the heavy bombers which will drop the weapons of words over Europe. Note the size of the huge bombs which carry the important messages.
WWII LEAFLET WARFARE IN EUROPE ENGLAND - Bombs loaded with psychological warfare leaflets are examined by U.S. airmen at an airfield somewhere in Britain, before they are secured in planes which will drop them over enemy territory.
WWII BOMBS FIRST, LEAFLETS SECOND.
Looking like huge Fourth of July fire-crackers, these containers, carrying propaganda leaflets, have just been released from a U.S. Air Force plane over Merseburg, Germany. On the ground can be seen the explosions of the bombs which preceded the leaflet container. The containers are set to open at 6,000 feet.
WWII PNA EA 60049
AMERICANS ORDER NAZI TROOPS TO SURRENDER
Members of a psychological warfare unit attached to the Ninth Armored Division, First U.S. Army, order the surrender of Nazi soldiers in a nearby town over the loudspeaker of a mobile public address system. Operating the unit March 27, 1945, is Private Paul A. Eisler (seated in jeep) of San Francisco, California, and Private Charles Levelle of Manchester, New Hampshire. ETO HQ-45-23681.
PNA EA 55432 U.S. TROOPS BROADCAST TO THE ENEMY Soldiers of the Psychological Warfare Division attached to the Seventh U.S. Army set up their public address system, the current being supplied by a generator in the weapons-carrier. A broadcast will be made to enemy troops in German and Polish, telling them to surrender. As the Seventh U.S. Army cleared Northern Alsace and drove to the Rhine, crossing the river March 26, 1945, the public address system was used as a psychological warfare weapon with great effect in persuading the Germans to surrender. U.S. Signal Corps Photo ETO-HQ-45-17042
WWII PNA EA 55433
U.S. TROOPS BROADCAST TO THE ENEMY
A soldier of the Psychological Warfare Division attached to the Seventh U.S. Army holds a loudspeaker in the window of a factory to beam a surrender ultimatum at the enemy a short distance away. As the Seventh U.S. Army cleared Northern Alsace and drove on to the Rhine, crossing the river early March 26, 1945, the public address system was used with great effect in persuading German forces to give up. ETO-HQ-45-17041.
WWII PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE IN ACTION
A U.S. Army sergeant urges German troops to surrender from a sound truck of the Psychological Warfare Division of the Allied Expeditionary Force behind a farmhouse near Balue in the St. Malo area of Brittany. Thousands of German soldiers have surrendered to Allied forces on all fronts after listening to these broadcasts.
WWII Fifth Army, Italy
T/3 Hans Haineback, Cincinnati, Ohio, working with the P.O.W. Section, during interrogation of German Prisoners on morale in German Army. By securing such vital information, propaganda pamphlets are so composed as to bring better results.
WWII PWB/AFHQ senior staff meeting.
Col C B Hazeltine, Chief of PWB/AFHQ (centre); Major Alistair MacDonald, French expert and Chief of the Collection Group (right); Mr R H S Crossman, in charge of radio operations at that time (left, with back to camera)
WWII PWB/AFHQ senior staff meeting.
(Left to right) Mr R H S Crossman; C D Jackson, Deputy Chief of PWB/AFHQ; Col Hazeltine, Chief of PWB/AFHQ; and Major Alistair MacDonald, French Expert and Chief of the Collection Group.
Brigadier General Robert A McClure; GSA; listens from the recording room of the PWB/AFHQ studios to the broadcast to Europe of General Eisenhower’s message to the people of Italy after the abdication of Mussolini. PWB together with the office of Army Public Relations and the Army Censorship office; makes up the department of which General McClure is commanding officer – INC; which means Information and Censorship.