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EH.510/4, Luftpost, Nr. 4, 16. Juni 1941

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(Image/s source: www.psywar.org)
English Title/Description
Luftpost, No. 4, 16 June 1941
Conflict Language/s
World War II German
Production Agency Year Pages Size
E.H./S.O.1 1941 4 13.5 cm x 21.5 cm
First Dissemination by Aircraft Last Dissemination by Aircraft Total No. Dropped by Aircraft
15/16 June 1941 25/26 June 1941 281,500

LUFTPOST

Distributed by the Royal Air Force          16th June, 1941, No. 4

Forbidden wherever Truth is forbidden

"PEACE"
How a clumsy German manoeuvre came to grief

On May 28th 1941, Mr. Winant, American Ambassador in London, arrived in New York. He had been called back to discuss with President Roosevelt the planning for Anglo-American co-operation for victory.

His arrival was a signal for the setting in notion of a little plan that Goebbels had thought out. And for a week everything worked like clock-work.

Until in the Press Conference on June 6th a journalist asked President Roosevelt: "Did Mr. Winant bring any peace proposals," – to which the President answered: "You may write that Winant did not bring anything remotely resembling a peace proposal, provided that you make it plain that this is not only a denial, but an accusation brought by the President of the United States against certain people."

To what was Roosevelt referring. And whom did he mean by "certain people?"

He himself gave the answer: "I have in my desk," he continued, "two instructions that were prepared in Berlin for the national socialist agents in the United States."

"The first gives the order to lay emphasis upon the fact that Germany has never thought of doing anything against any country in the western hemisphere." (Hitler gave an American Journalist a long interview that appeared in the "New York Times" of June the 5th and was designed to spread the same impression.)

The second order was to spread rumours... (continued on page 4 of original)

ENORMOUS COST OF CRETE

In the British House of Commons Winston Churchill stated on June 10th that careful investigations have proved that German losses in the battle for Crete were at least:

5,000 men drowned en route 12,000 men killed or wounded in battle. 180 fighters and bombers 250 transport planes.

Ahead of Schedule

In the last three months three American battleships have been launched; The "North Carolina" on April the 9th – six months ahead, of schedule; the "Washington" on May the 15th – six months ahead of schedule; and the "Dakota" on June 7th – five months ahead of schedule.

This picture shows the ceremony at the launching of the "North Carolina". The American minister of Marine, Colonel Knox, stated that each of these new battleships was superior both in guns and in armour to any German ship of war.

TOBRUK: Two German Opinions

When the British stormed Tobruk, at that time held by the Italians, in two days, the "Hamburger Fremdenblatt" of January 27th 1941, wrote: "There is no doubt that Tobruk, at least according to African ideas was a fortress."

When the Germans, after two months of heavy attack, had failed to dislodge the British from Tobruk, the "Angriff" of 2nd June 1941 wrote; "Tobruk, thanks to natural and artificial fortifications is one of the best defended places of the world."

On April 8th, General Rommel, on his advance through Cyrenaica, decided to pass by Tobruk, with intention of capturing it later. Probably he remembered that the English had taken the fortress in January in two days, and wanted to do the same thing.

But, as the two opinions quoted above show, Tobruk had changed since January. It is still the same town, with the same fortifications; but now it is not held by Italians, but by the British, and it is supported from the sea not by the Italian Fleet, but by the Royal Navy.

For two months, Rommel's troops and panzer units have attacked the town without success. They suffered especially severe losses on April the 12th, when 800 German soldiers were killed; on May 2nd, when 14 German tanks were destroyed; and on May 12th, when 500 Germans were captured.

Since then the defenders of Tobruk have taken the offensive, have repeatedly cut General Rommel's lines of communication and are threatening the flank of his army.

A Year Ago

On June 11th 1940 "Sender Zeesen" declared: "The war has reached its last phase."

On June 15th 1940 "Sender Bremen" prophesied: "Entry of the United States of America into the war will not be possible until next year."

THE TOLL THE GERMAN FLEET MUST PAY

On the 12th March the Royal Air Force began a new offensive, this time against German shipping. And on the 7th June Air Marshal Sir Robert Pierse, C.I.C. of Bomber Command, reported the result of this new offensive after three months: 83 enemy ships sunk, 18 put out of action or seriously damaged and a further 54 damaged.

It is not only the German Luftwaffe that can sink ships. Every day British bombers come down almost to the surface of the water in their attacks on German convoys in the waters of France, Belgium, Denmark and Norway. German seamen have learnt by experience that there is no safety from the R.A.F.

The British Navy continues as before to control the seas of the world; and British bombers and submarines take a heavy toll of Axis ships that dare to be active in the coastal waters. Since the beginning of the war Axis shipping has lost by capture and destruction relatively far more than the losses by sinking of British shipping.

The new British bomb

For attacks by the R.A.F. on German shipping only a small part of the British Airforce is required. It chiefly concentrates on land targets; against these heavier planes and heavier bombs are used.

In a previous of "Luftpost" the enormous power of the new British bomb has been described. Its chief task is to destroy objectives on the Continent. This bomb has five time the blasting power of any bomb previously used and is known as the "District bomb", because a single one of this kind is enough to devastate an enormous area.

The new British bombers

Bombs as big as this naturally need correspondingly big aircraft to carry them. Hitherto raids on Germany have been carried out by comparatively small aircraft, not bigger than the average German bomber. Now, however, the gigantic British "Stirling" and the powerful American "Boeing" and "Liberator" types are coming into mass production. Each of these can carry a bomb-load many times greater than that of a "Wellington" or "Whitley", a "Heinkel" or "Dornier".

So far Germany has only had a slight foretaste of the power of the R.A.F.

German troops that never reached Africa

General Rommel's forces in North Africa can hold out only if they constantly receive reinforcements of men and material across the Mediterranean.

Many such reinforcements have been sent – but how many have arrived? During March, April and May the Royal Navy has sunk or captured the following ships in the Mediterranean (not including warships):

17 supply-ships, 11 tankers, 21 troop-transports, 16 munitions-transports, 7 ships carrying other war materials.

A COMPARISON

(Picture of bombs, letteringon bigger bomb: "Greetings to the 'ruling race'".Lettering at left side: 103,000,000 tons, letteringat right side: 65,000,000 tons.)

How many bombs will fall on England and Germany before the end of this war depends on two factors: the industrial capacity of the Axis powers, and that of the Anglo-Saxon fighting partnership.

A useful yardstick for the war potential of a country is its steel production. Great Britain and the United States together produce 103,000,000 tons a year; the Axis powers and the countries under their control produce only 65,000,000 tons. (German statistics!)

England and U.S.A. dispose of 13 times as much oil as Germany and her ally. If the production of internal combustion engines on the two sides or their respective war expenditures are compared, or whatever other yardstick is used, the result is in each case favourable to Great Britain and the United States.

LONDON RADIO

Transmissions in German

Latest news daily at 2.00, 6.00, 6.30, 11.00, 14.00, 15.00, 18.00. 20.00, 22.00, 23.00 hours

(German Summer-time) Wavelengths: 49 and 373 metres, also at various times 25, 31, 41, 261 and 285 metres.

A Princess squeals

The success of the U.S.A. authorities in rounding up German spies they owe in part to the assistance of a woman who is a close friend of Hitler.

Her name is Princess Hohenlohe, formerly Steffi Richter, she is a Hungarian and allegedly of Jewish origin. For a long time she was one of the closest fellow-workers of Hitler, and when last year she arrived as a "neutral" in United States, she worked industriously for the notorious Mr. Wiedemann, Hitler's former company commander who was made General Consul in San Francisco and under this mask is able to organise espionage and sabotage.

Frau Richter-Hohenlohe had already endeavoured two years ago to do political work in London. No visitor to her salon could fail to see the large photograph of her Führer and friend, with the inscription: "To my dear princess."

In May she was arrested and sentenced to deportation. But instead of being enthusiastic at the prospect of returning to Europe newly ordered by her dear friend, she wanted at all costs to avoid this punishment. In her anxiety she, in the words of the official American report, "provided interesting information and guaranteed co-operation with the government of the U.S.A." In other words; the princess squealed.

One of the first results of this co-operation was the arrest of Dr. Kurt Rieth in New York, Rieth, former German ambassador in Vienna and accomplice to the murder of Dollfuss, had just returned from a two-months' business trip in Latin-America where he had been trying to organise political coups with the help of the German minorities in the style of the coups which was attempted – without success – in Brazil in May 1938.

Another direct result was the compulsory dissolution of the German-American "Bund," the seditious, militarized organisation that was financed by the Overseas organisation of the National Socialist Party. The leader of the Bund, Fritz Kuhn, had a few months before been sent to a penitentiary for stealing the funds of his own society.

Threat and Answer

Admiral Raeder on May 25th: "The commander of a German warship cannot be expected to watch with tied hands while his position is reported to the enemy by an American warship."

President Roosevelt on May 27th: "We have correspondingly extended our patrols in the North and South Atlantic. Our ships and aircraft give information of the presence of enemy attackers on, under and over the sea." What is Admiral Raeder going to do about it?

"There are no unconquerable islands," – Göring on the Luftwaffe, 2.6.41.

(Across all Columns: Cartoon illustrating the impossibility of a final German victory in 1941.)

L'AFFAIRE HESS:

8 Facts – 8 Questions

1. Hess landed in Scotland on May 10th. Since May 13th his name has not been mentioned by the German press or the German wireless. Why?

2. You have been told that Hess suffered from a progressive mental disease. How could it happen that the Führer had a mad Deputy?

3. January 1st 1941 both Hitler and Hess promised final victory for this year to the German people. Why has Hess changed his mind? Read carefully Hitler's speech of May 4th, perhaps this contains the answer?

4. Hess received the official Party reports on the morale of the German people. What was in these reports that they had all to be burnt?

5. Hess predicted that Ribbentrop's foreign policy would force America into the war. Why is Ribbentrop who is responsible for this catastrophe still Foreign Secretary, but Hess, who was right, prisoner of war in England?

6. The Führer and his Deputy solemnly promised to protect Germany against Bolshevism. Who broke his promise: the Führer or the Deputy?

7. Hess discussed his affairs with many influential Germans. Who knew of his intention to flee. How many of them have been arrested as accomplices?

8. Only a small circle know about the bitter conflict within the clique surrounding the Führer. Hess knew alright, and he escaped to Scotland. But the conflict continues. What comes next?

FOOD IN THE THIEVES' ORDER

Towards Hunger

It is possible even today to judge with scientific reliability the effect which the subjugation of Europe by the Germans has on the standard of living of the occupied territories, and especially on the state of the health of the defeated nations.

The best evidence is provided by a comparison between the calories used during the first months of 1940 and those used in the same month of 1941.

Calories are the standard measure of the fuel which reaches the human body in the form of food. German experts have found that the vital minimum of calories amounts to 2,500 per person and per day, and that people become lethargic and prone to diseases as soon as their consumption sinks below this amount.

Let us make a test of calories amongst the people within the Thieves' Order: In Germany the average consumption of calories in 1940 was 3,500, that is to say considerably above the minimum. In 1941 the consumption went down to 2,890, but it still was above the necessary minimum.

The only other country which did not show a dangerous decrease is Denmark. In 1940 it had the highest consumption of calories in Europe – 3,400. Within a year it sank to 3,080. Contrast with this Norway, where in 1940 the consumption of calories amounted to 3,120, but where it has now slumped decisively down to 2,500. And in the Netherlands, where the consumption in 1940 amounted to 2,750, it has now sunk below the minimum, down to 2,250.

In occupied France as well as in unoccupied France, where the consumption figure in 1940 stood well above the minimum at 2,850, it has sunk as low as 2,100, that is down to hunger point. Worst of all are the conditions in Belgium: here the consumption of calories went down to 1,870 after it had amounted in 1940 to 2,910.

Certain conclusions may be drawn from this scientific and exact survey of the food situation.

In spite of a noticeable decrease Germany can look after the proper feeding of her population by plundering the occupied territories. And Denmark is still able to feed her people sufficiently.

But the people of Norway, Holland, Belgium and France – there are, of course, no statistics about Poland – have sunk to a level of food consumption which is considered by German experts as insufficient for the maintainance of strength and health.

It is true Germany has assured for her own people the absolute minimum necessary for their health; but in order to achieve this she had to force the rest of Europe on to hunger rations. And next year Germany's situation too will become more difficult.

OBJECTIVES

The following objectives of the German air force in Great Britain have been totally demolished or severely damaged.

274 hospitals, 182 of them in Greater London.

836 churches, amongst them 343 in Greater London. Included in this number are St. Paul's Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, and the cathedrals of Canterbury, Cardiff, Coventry, Manchester, Portsmouth and Southwark.

Innumerable cultural monuments; alone in London the Houses of Parliament, Hampton Court, Guildhall, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Palace, St, James' Palace and the British Museum.

A British miner declared at the Conference of the Labour Party:

"It is better that all our churches should be in ruins than that the gospel of the Nazis should ever be preached from their pulpits!"

"We shall not be conquered as long as we are ready to sacrifice everything." Deutschlandsender, 4.6.41.

"HITLER WILL NOT WIN!"

Harry Hopkins who came to England as Roosevelt's personal Ambassador (featured here with the British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden) states the reasons why final victory for Germany has become impossible.

The following essay – from the July number of the "American Magazine" – has been written by Harry Hopkins, the closest collaborator of President Roosevelt. Hopkins who visited England at the beginning of this year as Roosevelt's personal Ambassador states:

"Hitler will not win this war. Four decisive facts speak against it.

He has no real control of the sea. He is gradually losing his superiority in the air. He has nothing to compare with the economic resources which England and my country are mobilising against him. Finally it would be against all American interests, economic as well as political and moral, to allow Hitler to secure his ill-gotten gains.

Superiority in the Air

Even today the English have qualitative and probably also numerical superiority in fighters. This superiority diminishes the advantage which the Germans still enjoy as regards to bombers. It is true: Germany had bomber superiority right from the beginning and she has got it still. But the situation changes with every week. The English are catching up. Their superiority is bound to come. Then Hitler will no longer be able to move his factories far enough to the East so that they might escape the giant bombers which are now being built in the great aircraft factories of America.

British toughness

The dastardly murder of civilians by night is not going to break the moral strength of the British people. I witnessed last winter how England was bombed, and I am convinced, like every other observer who has lived through it, that bombs against the civilian population, even it they were ten times worse than they have been, will never shake the British people. This people is too tough for it.

Hitler's mistake

The great mistake which Hitler committed was: he underrated the naval power and he overestimated the initial success of air power. He thought one could conquer by aeroplane. This might have happened if the English had not had sufficient fighters to win the Battle of Britain.

The Battle for the Atlantic

And it might happen in the near future if in the Battle for the Atlantic we leave them in the lurch and do not make certain of vital supplies. Therein lies the greatest danger for England. Food and munitions have got to be delivered.

The next eight months will be critical for the protection which the lifeline of the United States and Great Britain needs. We have now committed ourselves to a shipbuilding programme which envisages the annual laying down of more than four million tons of shipping, and our figures can easily be increased. If one adds British shipping space one arrives at the conclusion that Germany will have to sink at least five hundred thousand tons every month in order to insure that the total number of ships reaching England will not increase.

Germany will lose the initiative

If we lend our help to the democracies and thereby give them air superiority their naval power will be enabled to regain the initiative. Then the defensive phase in the war at sea will be passed. The next step will be the mobilization of the vast resources which are at the disposal of the democracies.

What this war is about

This fight is a fight for the world and it will be fought to the bitter finish. Hitler has in clear and unmistakable words declared his theory of the racial superiority of the German people. They alone are called upon to rule. Japanese, Chinese, Indians, the inhabitants of Africa, Spaniards, Portuguese and Americans, they all belong to inferior races. He even goes so far as to deny all those guarantees of liberty to which the American people are passionately attached.

Hitler's offer to the world

The truth is that Hitler's mechanized legions, his concentration camps and his financial humbug offers nothing to all the great and not privileged nations of the earth but poverty and oppression. The victory of the democracies on the other hand opens up for just these people the vision of a life they have never enjoyed so far.

After the Anglo-American victory

When the democratic victory has been won the riches of this earth will have to be shared amongst all nations. This victory must not end by suppressing the German people, rather must it lead to a state of affairs in which the good things of life are within reach of the masses which have been cheated of their patrimony for a long time.

The United States have decided on a policy of all-inclusive help for the democracies. This help will have to be rendered without limitation and without delay. Hitler is strong. The democracies are stronger, Hitler will not win."

"PEACE" Continued from Page 1.

(Last paragraph from Column 1 page 1;) that Winant had brought with him a report according to which Great Britain was in all essentials at the end of her tether and desired peace."

What was the reason for this German manoeuvre which was as clumsy as it was without success? It is clear: the National Socialist leaders know that the United States are as good as at war with Germany. And they know, that – with lies and subterfuges for they have no other means – they will have to do their utmost to keep America out. That is why America is to believe that firstly she is not threatened and that secondly she will be too late with her help for England anyhow.

But a trick of this type is by no means sufficient to deflect America from her self-chosen path. Peace?

Yes! The whole world wants peace. The German people want peace, England wants peace, America wants peace. But the English and Americans know that they have to finish one particular job first before peace can return.

AFTER THE "BISMARCK"

The British Admiralty announces: Since the sinking of the Bismarck British warships have sunk five German supply ships which had sailed in order to support the Bismarck in the planned attack on British commerce.

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